Mango Expedition: Indonesia.

My journey is keeping track of Wani, the Balinese white mango.

Wani generally restricted to the wet tropical lowlands bellow 450 m elevation, frequently in inundated areas, along riverbanks. Fruit can reach 500 g and some can be long or oblong in shape. It is monoembryonic. In Malaysia, this is one of the most common and valuable mango species.
Fruit is eaten when it ripe or dipped in chili with sugar and dark sauce. Used to make ‘sambal’, ‘jeruk’ and eaten with fish. Flesh is also pickled and preserved with salt in jars. They used for juices. Some fibreless clones command a high price in local markets. The wood is light red marbled with yellow, used for light construction.
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Genetic erosion of Wani has not been systematically documented. However, in general it can be said that such an erosion occurs at an alarming rate. Farmland reduction occurs in highly populated areas such as Java, Madura, Bali and Sumatra. Rapid population growth on these islands, combined with infrastructure development, has led to the conversion of agricultural lands into settlements, industrial complex and roads. Although there is a government regulation to limit agricultural land conversion, particularly wet rice fields, such a process continues.
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A preliminary survey in Bali was conducted to identify the ecosystem where Wani grows on the island.

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In Bali, Wani is available in local nurseries. They even have seedlings or air layer trees.

Air-layering is one method of propagating a fruit tree from an existing one, which will bear fruits sooner, and the fruits will taste same as the mother-plant.

All accessions were collected and introduced into the United States as scions with the leaves removed. Scions were washed in soap and water, air-dried, wrapped in parafilm and placed in plastic bags for transport. Transport time ranged from 2 to 12 days depending on the species and collecting expedition considered. Eight to 12 scions were collected per species.

All species of mangifera we introduced to Florida were grafted using ‘Turpentine’, Mangifera rubrapetala, Mangifera casturi and Mangifera odorata as a rootstock. Mango seeds are restricted by quarantine laws to protect against the introduction of the mango seed borer. 

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Air-layering is a great tool for us. Wonderful discovery!

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Keep up the great work Noris !